International coalition joins together to halt potentially harmful copyright reform

Open Letter details primary concerns




SPARC Europe is leading and collaborating with an international coalition in an effort to halt the adoption of harmful provisions found in the current draft of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, and certain amendments, which could threaten Open Access and Open Science.

The coalition has written an open letter directed at the EU’s Legal Affairs Committee, which was delivered 6th September. In the letter, we urge for the removal of proposals that would restrict access to research and place administrative and legal burdens on institutional repositories. We also request improvements on proposals related to text and data mining, copyright in an education setting, and preservation and access to works for non-commercial endeavors.  

This letter has the backing of a coalition comprised of: CESAER, COAR, The Commons Network, Communia Association, Creative Commons, C4C, EBLIDA, EIFL, EUA, Free Knowledge Advocacy Group EU, IFLA, LIBER, RLUK, Science Europe, and SPARC Europe.

See the open letter below.


SPARC Europe, together with the rest of the coalition, is inviting others to join us in reaching out to EU lawmakers. Here’s how you can help:

  • Add your name to the open letter, and share it with your networks and other organisations. Your name and the title of your affiliated organisation will be added to the letter, both on this page, and on the live Google document version. (We will continue to update the Letter through 1st October.) An updated version of the letter, including newly-added signatures, will again be delivered to the Legal Affairs Committee in October.
  • Along with relevant colleagues from your country, request a meeting with MEPs from your country, especially those from the Legal Affairs Committee, to express your opposition to the proposed copyright revisions. The meeting should take place between 18-22 September, when MEPs will be in their home constituencies. (Find the list of MEPs in the Legal Affairs Committee here.)
  • Reach out to members of the Legal Affairs Committee via Twitter to share your concerns and the open letter. You can find their Twitter handles on their profile pages.
  • If you are a library consortium, funder or research association, we also urge you to share the Open Letter with your Ministers of Education, Research and/or Science; and tell them of your opposition to this proposed reform.



EU copyright reform threatens Open Access and Open Science
Open letter to the members of the Legal Affairs Committee in the European Parliament

We represent a large group of European academic, library, education, research and digital rights communities and we are writing to express our alarm at the draft Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, and in particular at the potential impact of Articles 11 and 13. We are concerned that these provisions will create burdensome and harmful restrictions on access to scientific research and data, as well as on the fundamental rights of freedom of information, directly contradicting the EU’s own ambitions in the field of Open Access and Open Science.

We therefore urge the Legal Affairs Committee to remove Articles 11 and 13 from the draft Directive. Furthermore, the Committee should ensure that Articles 3 to 9 support new forms of research and education and not work against them.

A U-turn on Open Science?

1. We believe that increased digital access, data analytics and open information flows will increase innovation in Europe. The European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme similarly supports open access to scientific publications and research data as essential drivers of EU global competitiveness. The EU has set an example internationally with its extensive policy work, for example by including Open Access in one of its six European Research Area (ERA) priorities. Moreover, in 2016 at the Competitiveness Council, all of Europe’s ministers of science, innovation, trade and industry committed to Open Access to scientific publications as the default option for publicly funded research results by 2020. Open Science is increasingly accepted by governments and industry as a means not only to accelerate innovation, but also to ensure faster access to information for citizens.

2. However, several proposed elements of Articles 11 and 13 will prevent the EU from realizing the significant potential of Open Access and Open Science to promote scientific discovery and progress, and may thereby reduce the impact of European research worldwide.

The Ancillary Right – Putting the brakes on knowledge-sharing and building walls around already open publications and data

3. Article 11 already poses a significant threat to an informed and literate society. Links to news and the use of titles, headlines and fragments of information could now become subject to licensing. Terms could make the last two decades of news less accessible to researchers and the public, leading to a distortion of the public’s knowledge and memory of past events. Art. 11 would furthermore place EU law in contravention with the Berne Convention, whose Art. 2(8) excludes news of the day and ‘mere items of press information’ and ‘press summaries’ from protection.

4. The extension of this controversial proposal to academic publications, as proposed by the ITRE Committee, significantly worsens an already bad situation. It would provide academic publishers additional legal tools to restrict access, going against the increasingly widely accepted practice of sharing research. This will limit the sharing of open access publications and data which currently are freely available for use and reuse in further scientific advances. If the proposed ancillary right is extended to academic publications, researchers, students and other users of scientific and scholarly journal articles could be forced to ask permission or pay fees to the publisher for including short quotations from a research paper in other scientific publications. This will seriously hamper the spread of knowledge. The proposed ancillary right further conflicts with the Berne Convention’s Article 10(1), which provides a mandatory exception for quotation, as well as posing risks to freedom of speech.

5. Prior experiments with the press publishers’ right have also failed from an economic standpoint. No impact assessment has been carried out, no evidence produced, and no consultation conducted around the ramifications of extending Art. 11 to academic publishers.

6. In addition, academic publishers usually acquire rights to the works they publish when signing contracts with their authors. Publishers already have all the rights they need, thus ancillary rights don’t make sense.

Filtering obligations – Undermining the foundations of Open Access

7. The provisions of Article 13 threaten the accessibility of scientific articles, publications and research data made available through over 1250 repositories managed by European non-profit institutions and academic communities. These repositories, which are essential for Open Access and Science in Europe, are likely to face significant additional operational costs associated with implementing new filtering technology and the legal costs of managing the risks of intermediary liability. The additional administrative burdens of policing this content would add to these costs. Such repositories, run on a not-for-profit basis, are not equipped to take on such responsibilities, and may face closure. This would be a significant blow, creating new risks for implementing funder, research council and other EU Open Access policies.

Text and Data Mining – The risks to scientific values

8. Regarding Article 3, we welcome amendments that expand the exception for text and data mining (TDM) to allow anyone, including SMEs and society in general, to mine works to which they have legal access, regardless of the purpose. Furthermore, Article 3 should direct Member States to set up a secure facility to ensure accessibility and verifiability of research made possible through TDM. Under no circumstances should data structured for mining purposes be deleted – this is fundamentally contrary to good scientific practice. Finally, the exception should be protected from being overridden by contract terms, and technological measures should be prohibited that interfere with the exercise of the exception. Both protections are essential for the exception to function.

Education, preservation and access – An enabling environment for Open Science

9. Regarding Article 4, we believe that a robust exception to copyright for education should support broad access to and fair reuse of copyrighted content of all types in a variety of education settings, locally and across borders. The scope of the exception should cover digital and non digital uses, including ‘scientific research’ purposes, alongside educational ones, and prevent rightholders from overriding the exception through contractual provisions or technological protection measures. Finally, the exception should not depend on compulsory remuneration.

10. We also urge MEPs to take full account of the views of library and cultural heritage institutions regarding Articles 5-9 of the draft Directive, which aim at ensuring maximising the effective preservation of, and access to works for public interest, non-commercial purposes.

We therefore urge the Legal Affairs Committee to remove Articles 11 and 13 from the draft Directive. Furthermore, we ask for the improvement of Articles 3-9 in line with the suggestions put forward by library, educational, research and cultural heritage organisations throughout the parliamentary process to provide better support for teaching, learning, and new forms of research.

The signatories support a balanced copyright law that promotes open access to research articles, publications and data, thereby continuing to contribute to further strengthening Europe’s research outreach and innovative capacity for the benefit of Europe’s research industry, including SMEs and society.

List of original signatories

CESAER – Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research

COAR Confederation of Open Access Repositories

Commons Network

Communia Association

Creative Commons  

C4C – Copyright for Creativity (C4C) Coalition

EBLIDA European Bureau of Library Information and Documentation Associations

EIFL  Electronic Information for Libraries

EUA European University Association

Free Knowledge Advocacy Group EU

IFLA  International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions

LIBER Association of European Research Libraries

RLUK Research Libraries UK

Science Europe

SPARC Europe


DOWNLOAD a PDF of the letter.




Conference of Directors of Polish Academic Libraries 


Kadir Has University Library

Lithuanian Research Library Consortium

Stowarzyszenie EBIB


Leaders and Members of the European Library/Scholarly Community 

Aalborg Universitet
Bo Nygaard Bai
IT architect

Academy of Theatre and Dance / Amsterdam University of the Arts
Marina Moolhuijzen

Aeres Hogeschool Wageningen
Marion van den Dungen

Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten
Matty Gaikhorst

Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences
Jaroen Kuijper

Association of Hungarian Librarians
Agnes Hajdu Barat dr.

Associazione Amici Città della Scienza
Ferruccio Diozzi

Associazione italiana biblioteche
Rosa Maiello
AIB President

Associazione Italiana per la promozione della Scienza Aperta (AISA)
Roberto Caso

Associazione Italiana per la Promozione della Scienza Aperta (AISA)
Susanna Mornati

Athena RC/ILSP
Penny Labropoulou

Avans University of Applied Sciences
Marcel Leermakers

Babes-Bolyai University Faculty of Geography
Horvath Csaba

Belgian Association for Documentation (ABD-BVD)
Guy Delsaut

BI Norwegian Business School
Dagmar Langeggen
Library Director

Biblioteche pubbliche
Tommaso Paiano

Bilkent university
Gözde Torun


BioDec S.r.l.
Ivan Rossi

Blekinge Institute of Technology
Peter Linde

Blekinge Institute of Technology
Anna Stockman

Bordeaux INP
Frédéric Herbreteau
Associate Professor


Center of Estonian Language Resources, CLARIN Estonia
Kadri Vider
National Coordinator of CLARIN ERIC in Estonia

Charles University
Anna Vernerova

Charles University
Pavel Straňák
Senior researcher

Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals
Nick Poole

Chr. Hogeschool Ede
Netty van der Haar

Paola Gargiulo
Open Access projects coordinator

City, University of London
Jane Secker
Chair of CILIP Information Literacy Group / Senior Lecturer

Steven Krauwer

Senior Advisor

Anthony Scemama
Research Engineer

Michele Frigerio

S. Lafrasse


CNRS – UMR 9912 Ircam, Sorbonne-Université
Jean-Lousi Giavitto
Directeur de Recherche CNRS

Consorcio Madroño
Juan Corrales
Software engineer

Consortium of Libraries at Universities of Applied Sciences (SHB)
Annuska Graver

Council for Finnish University Libraries
Ulla Nygrén

Croatian Library Association
Dunja Holcer

CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd.
Kimmo Koski
Managing Director

Remedios Melero

Cyprus University of Technology
Vasiliki Nikolakopoulou
Early Stage Researcher

Department of Agribusiness, University of Trunojoyo Madura
Umar Khasan

Director of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Solomon Mekonnen Tekle
DOAJ Ambassador for East Africa

Directory of Open Access Journals
Dominic Mitchell
Operations Manager

Directory of Open Access Journals
Tom Olyhoek
Editor in Chief

Directory of Open Access Journals
Clara Armengou
Project and Communications Manager

Dian Eka Indriani
Doaj Ambassador for Indonesia

Rikard Zeylon
Managing Editor

Yanhong Zhai
DOAJ Ambassador for China

Driestar Hogeschool
Kees Codée
Manager Support

Ecole Normale Superieure Paris and CNRS
Marie Farge
Directeur de Recherche CNRS

Ecole Polytechnique
Marcel Filoche
CNRS Research Director

Gwen Franck
Open Access Policy Officer

Erasmus University Rotterdam
Michel Wesseling

Associate Professor

Estonian Librarians Association
Katre Riisalu

Eurac Research
Alexander Koenig

Fachhochschule Potsdam
Babette Moebius

Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University
Pavel Rychlý
Associate professor

Glòria Pérez-Salmerón

Jussi Piitulainen

FOBID Netherlands Library Forum
A.M. van den Berg

Gdansk University of Technology
Magdalena Szuflita-Żurawska
Senior Librarian

German Institute for International and Security Affairs
Isabelle Tannous
Head of Information Infrastructure

German Library Association (dbv)
Barbara Lison
Federal Chairwoman

Ghent University
Ignace Lemahieu
Director of Research Department

Ghent University
Emilie Hermans

Goettingen University
Rupert Schaab

Hamzanwadi University
Shahibul Ahyan

HAN University
Arjan Doolaar
Information specialist

Hanze University of Applied Sciences
Marjan Bonink
Head of the Library

Harvard University
Peter Suber
Director, Office for Scholarly Communication

HAS University of Applied Sciences
Jeannette Waegemakers
Information Specialist

Hogeschool Rotterdam
Information Specialist

Hogeschool Rotterdam
M.J. Lampe

Head of library

Hogeschool Windesheim
I Wierda

Hotelschool The Hague
Marga Staelens
Manager Media Centre

IES de Ribadeo Dionisio Gamallo
Antonio Gregorio Montes
Chief of Dept.

IFP Energies Nouvelles
Roussel Adrien
PhD Student

Kanella Pouli
Scientific Associate

Maria Gavriilidou

Miltos Deligiannis
Scientific Associate

Peter Stanchev

IMT Atlantique
Antoine Beugnard

Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
Elin Opheim
University librarian

Inland Norway Univ. of Applied Sciences
Karianne Hagen
University librarian

INPT/IRIT Université de Toulouse
Marc Pantel
Associate Professor

Esther Dzale Yeumo
Head of unit, scientific information

Contractual software engineer

Mouhamadou Ba
Research Engineer

Research director

Alan Schmitt
Senior Researcher

Zimmermann Paul
Directeur de Recherche

Institute of the Estonian Language
Margit Langemets
Chief editor of dictionaries

Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Robert Bossy
Research Engineer

IRCCS San Matteo Hospital
Valeria Scotti

Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Paola De Castro
Senior Officer, Scientific Knowledge and Communication Service

Izmir Institute of Technology
Gultekin Gurdal
Director, Library

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Frank Scholze
Director of Library Services

Koc University
E-Resources Librarian

Kocaeli University
Elif Mine Karadeniz

Konstanz University
Jessica Rex

Greta Richardson

KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Jens Edlund
Ass. Professor

Lapland University Consortium Library
Susanna Parikka
Library Director

Leiden University
Sarah de Rijcke
Associate Professor

Leiden University Libraries
Kurt De Belder
University Librarian and Director Leiden University Libraries & Leiden University Press

Lexical Computing
Vojtech Kovar

Libraries and Archives Copyright Alliance (LACA)
Fred Saunderson

Liège University
Paul Thirion
Head Librarian

LPT Orsay
Physicist (retired)

Lund University
Monica Lassi
PhD, Librarian

Mahasarakham University
Dr Sujin Butdisuwan
Dean Faculty of informatics

Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics
Aleš Horák
Associate Professor

Maynooth University
Cathal McCauley
University Librarian

Middlesex University
Kate Vasili
Copyright Officer

Mondragon Unibertsitatea
Obdulia Vélez

Mondragon Unibertsitatea
Jone Arroitajauregi

Municipality Amsterdam
Stephan Preeker

National and University Library of Slovenia
Martina Rozman Salobir

National and University Library Zagreb
Davorka Psenica
Editor in Chief of the journal of NUL

National Centre for Text Mining
John McNaught
Deputy Director

National Library of Estonia
Janne Andresoo
Director General

National Library of Scotland
Dr. John Scally
National Librarian & Chief Executive

National Library of Sweden
Beate Eellend

National Research Council Italy
Silvana Mangiaracina

Francesca Di Donato
EU Projects

NHL Hogeschool
Ronald Wijnia

Nord University
Vidar Rongved
Senior advisor

Northeastern University
Nicola Bui
Senior Research Scientist

Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
Charlotte Buus Jensen

Norwegian Institute of Public Healt
Bo Valentin

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Almuth Gastinger
Senior Research Librarian

Rune Brandshaug
Library director

Inge Van Nieuwerburgh
Member of the Steering Committee

Piratenpartij Nederland
Abram Kleijweg
Board member

Politecnico di Torino
Attili Fiandrotti
Postdoc Researcher

Portuguese Association of Librarians, Archivists and Documentalists
Bruno Duarte Eiras
Vice President

Public Libraries Association – Združenje splošnih knjižnic
Vesna Horžen
president of Public Libraries Association

Qlaara Labs
Arvi Tavast

Reading & Writing Foundation
Hannah Thominet
Project Officer

Research Consulting
Andrea Chiarelli

Research Council of Lithuania, CLARIN ERIC General Assembly, Vytautas magnus University
Ruta Petrauskaite
Vice-chair of the Research Councilo of Lithuania, President of CLARIN GA, professor of Linguistics at Vytautas Magnus University

Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Tamás Váradi
Head of Department

Research Libraries UK
Christina Kamposiori
Programme Officer

Robert Gordon University
Professor Charles Oppenheim
Visiting Professor

Romanian Academy
Dan Tufis

Royal Danish Library
Michael Svendsen
Open Access Coordinator

Royal Danish Library
Bjarne Andersen
Deputy Director General

Rudjer Boskovic Institute
Bojan Macan
Head of the Centre for scientific information

Rudjer Boskovic Institute
Alen Vodopijevec
IT staff

SA&S: Partnership for Copyright & Society
Jan Braeckman

Sabanci University
Deniz Baltacı
Library Director

Cynthia Bartelds

Dr. Jonathan Tennant
Communications Director

Scientific Information School (SIS)
Sylvie Vullioud
Co-founder and publication trainer

Share the Vision
Mark Freeman
Chair, Share the Vision

Marco Marin
Assistant staff

Slovak Centre for Scientific and Technical Information
Silvia Horakova

Slovenian Library Association
Irena Sešek

Société Internationale des Amis de Cicéron
Ermanno Malaspina
President of the Advisory Board

Society of College National and University Libraries (SCONUL)
Ann Rossiter
Executive Director

Software Heritage (INRIA)
Roberto Di Cosmo

Software Preservation Network
Jessica Meyerson

Språkbanken, University of Gothenburg
Lars Borin
Professor of NLP, Co-director of Språkbanken, National coordinator of Swe-Clarin

Stadtbibliothek Bad Oldesloe
Jens A. Geißler
Library Manager

State University of Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Toho Cholik Mutohir
Professor, Dr.

Swedish Library Association
Karin Linder
Secretary General

Tampere University of Technology
Harri Ollikainen

Technical University Darmstadt – University and State Library
Bjoern Gebert
Academic Librarian

Technische Universität Darmstadt
Gerald Langhanke
Librarian, Research data specialist

Technische Universtität Darmstadt
Richard Eckart de Castilho
Technical Lead

Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB)
Markus Brammer
General Counsel

Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) ‒ German National Library of Science and Technology ‒ Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology and University Library
Sören Auer

The Finnish Research Library Association (STKS)
Jarmo Saarti

The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Leen Liefsoens
Senior Information Specialist, Responsible for Copyright

The Royal Danish Library
Asger Juel Hansen
Information Specialist

UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Stein Høydalsvik
Senior adviser

UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Lars Figenschou
Senior Academic Librarian

UiT The Arctic university of Norway
Aysa Ekanger
Open Access advisor

UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Philipp Conzett
Senior Academic Librarian

UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Jan Erik Frantsvåg
Open Access Adviser

Uludag University
Özhan Saglik
Open Access Specialist

Univ. Lille
Pierre Boulet

Univ. Paris Nord
Cyril Banderier

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Paloma Jarque

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Teresa Malo de Molina
Head Librarian

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Eva Ortiz Uceta
Repository Manager

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Victoria Rasero
Repository Manager

Universidad de Murcia
Ricardo Fernánez-Pascual
Profesor Contratado Doctor

Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Bitergia
Jesus M Gonzalez-Barahona
Associate Professor, co-founder

Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
Head of University Library System

Università degli studi di Teramo
Valeria De Bartolomeis
Responsabile Sistema bibliotecario

Università degli Studi di Torino
Pietro Deandrea
Associate Professor

Università del Piemonte Orientale
Chiara Zara

Università del Piemonte Orientale
Silvia Bello

Università del Piemonte Orientale
Luca Tenconi

Università di Pisa
Maria Chiara Pievatolo

Università di Pisa
Francesco Biagi
Dottorando di ricerca

Università di Siena
Cristina Mencarelli

Università di Torino
Oriana Bozzarelli

Università di Torino

Università di Trento
Francesca Valentini

Universität des Saarlandes
Jörg Knappen

Universitat Politècnica de València
Francisco Javier Hernández San Miguel

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Postdoctoral researcher

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Matthijs Westera
Postdoctoral researcher

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Silvia Losa
Data Protection and Copyright Consultant

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Anna Casaldaliga
Deputy Librarian

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Núria Bel
Associate Professor

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Josep M. Fontana
Associate Professor

Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Aurelie Herbelot
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow

Universite de Lorraine
Celia Lentretien

Université de Liège
Bernard Pochet
Head Librarian

Université de Lorraine
Jean-Francois Lutz

Université de Lorraine

Université de Montpellier
Hervé Peyre
Maître de Conférences

Université François Rabelais Tours
Agata Savary
Assistant Professor

Université Grenoble – Alpes
Nicolas Palix
Maître de conférences

Université Grenoble – Alpes and CNRS
Gilles Duvert
Senior Astronomer

Université Pierre et Marie Curie
Mathieu Florence
Maître de conférences

Université Toulouse III – Paul Sabatier
Pierre Naegelen

Universiteit Twente
Leon Abelmann

Universities UK/Guild HE
David Anderson-Evans
Chairman Copyright Working Group

University of Balamand
Michel Chammas

University of Bejaia
Kamel Belhamel
DOAJ Ambassador – North Africa

University of Bengkulu
Teguh Adiprasetyo
Senior lecturer

University of Bergen
Koenraad De Smedt

University of Bergen
Paul Meurer

University of Bologna
PhD student

University of Borås
Helena Francke
Associate Professor

University of Cagliari
Elisabetta Marini
Full professor

University of Edinburgh
Eugen Stoica
Scholarly Communications Officer

University of Helsinki
Kimmo Koskenniemi
Prof. Emer.

University of Helsinki
Krister Linden
Research Director

University of Liège
Cécile Nissen

University of Jyväskylä
Hannu Markkanen
Information Specialist

University of Kassel
Arvid Deppe

University of Konstanz
Petra Haetscher
Director of IT and Library Services

University of Liège
Cecile Dohogne

University of Liège
François Renaville
Head of Library Systems

University of Liège
Stephanie Simon

University of Liège
Verbeeck Muriel
Full Professor

University of Lisbon
Beatriz Szwarc
MSc, Scientific Researcher

University of Liverpool
Yan Lavallée
Chair of Volcanology and Magmatic Processes

University of Malta
Michael Rosner
Senior Lecturer

University of Milan
Emilia Perassi
Fill Professor

University of Mons
Masselus Catherine
Head Librarian

University of Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
Didin Hadi Saputra
Quality Assurance Member

University of Namur
Nicolas Louis
Library Director

University of Napoli Federico II
Giuseppe Aceto
Research Assistant

University of Pavia
Giuseppe De Nicolao

University of Pavia
Marco Gnesi
PhD Candidate

University of Piraeus Library
Anthi Katsirikou
Library Director

University of Pisa
Stefano Salvia
PhD and Research Assistant in History of Science

University of Rennes 1
Barais Olivier
Professor (Computer Science)

University of Rennes 1
Thierry Fournier

University of Salford
David Clay
University Librarian

University of Siena
Silvia Calamai
Associate Professor

University of Split, Faculty of Philosophy
Romana Jadrijevic

University of Tartu
Kristel Uiboaed
Data Management Specialist

University of Tartu
Neeme Kahusk

University of Tartu
Liina Lindström
associate professor

University of Tartu Library
Lilian Neerut
Head of Department of Subject Librarians

University of the Arts The Hague
Arthur Gieles
Secretary Executive Board

University of the Basque Country
German Rigau
Associate Professor

University of Tartu
Aleksei Kelli
Professor of IP Law

University of Torino
Pietro Terna
Retired full professor of Economics

University of Trento
Cristian Consonni
PhD student

University of Trento
Mauro Brunato
Assistant professor

University of Trento
Paolo Guarda
Fellow Researcher – Contract Professor

University of Trento
Nasrullah Sheikh
phd Student

University of Trento
Renato Lo Cigno
Associate Professor

University of Trento
Roberto Caso
Associate professor – Trento LawTech Group Co-Director

University of Trento
Vincenzo D’Andrea
Associate Professor

University of Turin
Maria Cassella
Library Director 

University of Turin
Elena Giglia
Head – Open Access office

University of Twente
Djoerd Hiemstra
Associate Prof. 

University of Udine
Liliana Bernardis

University of York
Liz Waller
Head of Library & Archives

University of Zadar / Rudjer Boskovic Institute
Jadranka Stojanovski

Utrecht University
Marieke Hendriksen

Utrecht University Library
Eric Sieverts

Utrecht University
Jan Odijk
Professor of Language and Speech Technology

UUK/GuildHE Copyright Working Group (University of Kent)
Chris Morrison
Copyright Support and Software Licensing Manager

VA (Public & Science)
Maria Lindholm
Director of Research

Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences
Jurjan Boer
Senior librarian

Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences
Marijke Mentink
Library coördinator

Vereniging Wikimedia Nederland
Frans Grijzenhout

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Steffen Ducheyne

VVBAD (Flemish Library and Archive Association)
Bruno Vermeeren

Vytautas Magnus University
Jurgita Vaicenoniene
CLARIN-LT national coordinator

Wikimedia Italia
Susanna Giaccai

Wikimedia Italia
Andrea Zanni

Wikimedia Italia
analyst programmer, Wikimedia Italia associate

Wikimedia Italia
Cristian Cenci
Project manager

Wikimedia Italia
Dario Crespi

Wikimedia Italia
Federico Leva

Worcestershire County Council
Maggi Noke
Historic environment record assistant

Wroclaw University of Technology
Marcin Pol
mgr. inz.

Zagreb City Library
Hana Marčetić

Zuyd University
Lien Goldbach

Zuyd University of Applied Sciences
Lilian van de Burgt
Information Specialist



If you have questions, please contact Dan Pescod, SPARC Europe’s Policy Advocate, on