The internet allows for new business models to be applied to scholarly communications.
Open access is a new model for scholarly communications that offers free and unrestricted access through the Internet to all primary literature published within scholarly journals. Peter Suber provides an excellent overview of the benefits of open access for authors, researchers, institutions and society.
To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, The Budapest Open Access Initiative recommends two complementary strategies. The first that scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, or institutional repositories, a practice commonly called, self-archiving. The second, that scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access. A useful list of open access journals, a resource supported by SPARC and SPARC Europe, is provided by the Directory of Open Access Journals.
Our work at SPARC Europe is designed to support both these strategies. Our searchable list of resources below provides an overview of news and views on open access. Our partnership programme provides support to a number of leading open access journals. We provide guides for publishers who wish to launch new open access journals or to convert subscription journals to open access.