UNESCO has now published the Policy Guidelines for the Development and Promotion of Open Access, written by Dr. Alma Swan, SPARC Director of European Advocacy.
The Policy Guidelines were written for UNESCO with the overall objective of promoting Open Access in Member States by facilitating understanding of all relevant issues related to Open Access. Specifically, it is expected that the document shall:
- Enable Member State institutions to review their position on access to scientific information in the light of the Policy Guidelines;
- Assist in the choice of appropriate OA policy in the specific contexts of Member States; and
- Facilitate adoption of OA policy in research funding bodies and institutions by integrating relevant issues in the national research systems.
Thus, the Policy Guidelines are not prescriptive in nature, but aim to facilitate knowledge-based decision-making in adopting OA policies and strengthening national research systems.
The Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information at UNESCO, Jānis Kārkliņš states:
“Through Open Access, researchers and students from around the world gain increased access to knowledge, publications receive greater visibility and readership, and the potential impact of research is heightened. Increased access to, and sharing of knowledge leads to opportunities for equitable economic and social development, intercultural dialogue, and has the potential to spark innovation. The UNESCO Open Access strategy approved by the Executive Board in its 187th session and further adopted by the 36th General Conference identified up-stream policy advice to Member States in the field of Open Access as the core priority area amongst others.”
You can download the Policy Guidelines here: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002158/215863e.pdf