Related organisations

Key organisations in our network
SPARC Europe acts in a dynamic context that is characterised by several collaborational efforts which aim to promote and support Open Access.

COAR (, The Confederation of Open Access Repositories is a not-for-profit association of repository initiatives launched in October 2009. It aims to enhance greater visibility and application of research outputs through global networks of Open Access digital repositories.

EIFL (, EIFL works with libraries worldwide to enable access to digital information in developing and transition countries. EIFL is an international not-for-profit organisation based in Europe with a global network of partners. It has its own Open Access Programme.

EOS (, Enabling Open Scholarship is an organisation for universities and research institutions worldwide. The aim of EOS is to further the opening up of scholarship and research that we are now seeing through the growing open access, open education, open science and open innovation movements.

Knowledge Exchange (, Knowledge Exchange is a co-operative effort that supports the use and development of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) infrastructure for higher education and research. Partners are CSC (Finland), DEFF (Denmark), DFG (Germany), JISC (United Kingdom), SURF (Netherlands). SPARC Europe participates in the Knowledge Exchange Open Access Working Group.

OAPEN (, the Open Access Publishing in European Networks is a collaborative initiative to develop and implement a sustainable Open Access publication model for academic books in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The OAPEN Library aims to improve the visibility and usability of high quality academic research by aggregating peer reviewed Open Access publications from across Europe.

OASPA (, the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association offers a forum for bringing together the entire community of Open Access journal and book publishers.

OpenAIRE (, OpenAIRE is not an organisation though we consider it to be of such relevance to list it here. It started as an EC-funded project and its successor is OpenAIREplus. This aims to link aggregated research publications to the accompanying research and project information, datasets and author information. It aims to make as much European funded research output available as possible via the OpenAIRE portal.

SPARC (, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system. SPARC was founded in America in 1997. SPARC Europe was founded in 2001.


The following organisations and coalitions represent the library community
The library world knows some consortia and associations. SPARC Europe liaises with the main players to share agendas and avoid overlapping activities.

ARL (, the American Research Libraries was founder of SPARC and can be seen as the American counterpart of LIBER.

EBLIDA(, the European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations is an independent umbrella association of library, information, documentation and archive associations and institutions in Europe.

ICOLC (, the International Coalition of Library Consortia is an informal, self-organised group whose active participants comprise over 200 library consortia from around the world.

IFLA (, the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions is the leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users. It is the global voice of the library and information profession.

LIBER (, LIBER is the main research libraries network in Europe. Founded in 1971 as a non-governmental organisation of research libraries under the auspices of the Council of Europe, LIBER encompasses more than 420 national, university and other libraries in 46 countries. The LIBER network is however not restricted to the European Union and the participation of research libraries outside the European Union is widely encouraged.

SPARC Europe and LIBER agreed that all activities on Open Access are on behalf of LIBER and SPARC Europe.


The following organisations represent the university community on a pan-European level

EUA ( The European University Association represents and supports higher education institutions in 46 countries, providing them with a unique forum to cooperate and keep abreast of the latest trends in higher education and research policies.

EUA and Open Access: The EUA established a Working Group on Open Access in 2007 to ensure that universities are able to fulfil their public responsibility as guardians of research knowledge and results, and to provide public access to research results. A second priority was the great need for sharing practice on self-archiving and making better use of the tools of the digital world.

LERU ( The League of European Research Universities was founded in 2002 as an association of research-intensive universities sharing the values of high-quality teaching in an environment of internationally competitive research.

LERU and Open Access: The LERU Open Access Working Group in which SPARC Europe participated, published the Road Map to Open Access [link]

SPARC Global